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Optus C1 Satellite Location

Find Optus C1

This is a Step-By-Step Beginners Guide to setting up a portable satellite TV system for motor homers and caravaners. This blog will help you find Optus C1.

 

Introduction

Setting up a portable satellite TV dish is simple and quick … if you know exactly how to do it and you have done it 10 times before. For those who have never been shown the basic principles or who have only undertaken the task a few times, it can be the most frustrating thing in the world. We regularly find people who are so annoyed with their new satellite TV system, that they are ready to toss the whole set-up into the sea. Imagine setting up a satellite a bit like the first time you tried to ride a push bike, its pretty hard to start with but becomes really easy with practice.

FIRST OF ALL – don’t despair! You are not the first person to find it hard (or near impossible) to set up your new system. This guide aims to help ease the pressure giving you the basic knowledge and tools to get the system operational.

 

 

Some technical stuff

 

  • The satellite that your TV signal comes from is called “Optus C1”. Optus C1 orbits the earth at 156 degrees, in a geo-stationary position 35,000 km’s above Paupa New Guinea (geo-stationary means that the satellite orbits the earth at the same speed as the earth rotates – it therefore seems to be stationary from our view-point).

 

  • When we move from place to place the satellites apparent position in the sky changes.

 

 

  • There are hundreds of other satellites up there with C1 – and three of these are annoyingly close to our Optus C1. Your satellite finder can tell you when your dish is pointing at a satellite – it cannot tell which satellite you are pointing at.

 

 

  • The ‘signal level’ reading on your decoder is of very little use – the ‘quality’ is the only useful indicator. Try pointing the dish at the ground – you will often get a high ‘signal level’ reading (but low or no quality and no picture of course).

 

 

  • The dish reflects the signal from the satellite into the ‘LNB’ – this is the part on the end of the dish arm where the coax cable attaches. LNB stands for Low-Noise-Block. The LNB’s function is to catch the signal reflected from the dish and translate it into a form that the decoder can understand.

 

 

  • The signal strength is not the same all over Australia – some areas are strong (particularly in capital cities) and other areas are very weak.

 

 

The first few times

Here a few important hints for setting up the dish for the first time…For the first few times that you set up your dish, plan to do it in daylight – it is much easier to follow instructions, find tools and read a satellite finder when it is not pitch black outside.

 

  • Don’t start under pressure! 5 minutes before the beginning of the grand final is not the time to start setting up the system. For the first few times allow lots of time.

 

 

  • If you can, get a helping hand. Your wife or husband watching the TV screen can save a lot of running around (do try not to take it out on them if things don’t go quite as planned).

 

 

  • Do it yourself. It can be very tempting to accept help from the person parked next door. You will never become better at something you let others do for you.

 

 

  • The dish is not pointing where you think it is. If your dish is of the off-set type (almost all are) the dish is pointing 5 to 15 degrees above where the arm is pointing.

 

 

Stage one – Pre-Setup 1

  1. Use the charts or the table provided to determine the correct elevation and direction for your current location – write these down on a piece of paper. Please note that this is just your starting point with the ground mounted dishes and the elevation used to gain a signal can be 5 - 10 degrees higher than what is stated in the instructions.
  2. Select a location for your dish… A. Avoid trees and other obstacles – you need a clear view of the sky in the direction of the satellite. Remember, the signal arrives 5 – 15 degrees above where the dish arm is pointing (depending on your dish design). B. Make sure your cable will be long enough to reach the decoder.
  3. Make sure the stand is as plumb as it can be – the vertical support needs to be as close to vertical as it can be. Use a level if you have to.
  4. Peg the stand down. It is difficult to adjust a dish on a stand that is wobbling around. Most people drill holes in the legs of their stands and drive steel tent pegs through these holes to hold the stand firm.
  5. Place the dish as low to the ground as you can. A dish that sits high on the stand is more prone to being moved or even blown over by the wind; it is much easier to adjust a dish that is lower to the ground.
  6. Leave the decoder turned off while you connect the coax cable to the finder and the LNB. Make sure that you have the finder connected the correct way around – the connection marked ‘to LNB’ must be connected to the small cable leading to the LNB.

Stage Two

Finding the satellite

  1. Set the dish elevation according to the iTechworld instructions. Remember this can be 5 – 10 degrees out.
  2. Turn the VAST decoder on.
  3. Turn the volume on the TV up loud – the VAST 800 tuning channel has a distinctive music to let you know you have locked on.
  4. Check that the finder is working by turning the sensitivity adjustment up until the finder makes a noise (if there is no noise – check your connections and that the decoder is switched on).
  5. Stand behind the dish and keep the sat finder at eye level.
  6. Point the dish well away from the correct direction and adjust the finder until the needle is pointing half scale. We usually point it due North.
  7. Rotate the dish back close to the correct direction (use the compass provided).
  8. Slowly rotate the dish until you see and hear a change in the finder – the finder needle will rise.
  9. IMPORTANT – our aim is to get the needle to go “off the scale”.
  10. Once the needle goes off the scale it should be a Optus C1. Check the TV to see if channel 800 is there.
  11. If 800 is not on the screen, wind the needle back to 8 and adjust the dish position and elevation until the needle spikes again. Repeat this process until you have channel 800 on the TV screen.
  12. Channel 800 is on the screen HOORAY! Pat yourself on the back – you have done it!

 

Wrong Satellite

If after following all of the instructions above you find that you still have no pictures, the most likely cause is that you have found the wrong satellite!

From the diagram above you can see that there are four satellites grouped quite closely together … B3, C1, D1 and Pas8 (The actual elevation above the horizon is different for different locations throughout Australia). Optus C1 is the satellite that we need the dish to be pointing at. If you have found the wrong satellite, it is most likely that your dish is mistakenly pointing at Optus B3. Adjust the dish down a few degrees. Set the finder at half scale. Slowly rotate the dish to the right – the needle on the finder will again start to rise. Follow steps 8 to 18 above (in the finding the satellite section) until you are locked onto Optus C1.

 
 

LNB Skew

Aside from the elevation and direction, one other thing changes slightly as you move around the country. The third dish parameter that changes is called the skew or LNB rotation. You should only need to adjust this after moving 200 – 300 kilometers. Please note this is only a fine tune used after you have picked up the signal to gain a little extra quality.

  1. Make sure the dish is fully set up and you have the best alignment you can get. Be sure it is firmly locked in place.
  2. Have the decoder switched on and make sure you have a good picture.
  3. Using the remote control, find the signal level and quality bar graphs on the decoder.
  4. You are only interested in the quality graph.
  5. Note the value of the quality on the graph.
  6. Rotate the LNB a few degrees clockwise (be careful not to move the dish).
  7. Make sure you are well out of the way of the dish and again check the quality graph.
  8. If the quality is higher – you are going in the correct direction.
  9. If the quality is lower – you are going in the wrong direction. Rotate the LNB a few degrees counter-clockwise.
  10. Keep rotating the LNB (in very small amounts) until you cannot get the quality bar to go any higher – you now have the optimum skew setting.

 

Packing the dish away

Before you pack the dish away take 1 minute to make a small pen mark on the elevation bracket at the current position. This will be your starting point next time you set up the dish (assuming you have not traveled thousands of kilometers). This mark will only be useful if you always have the stand sitting level. Both the dish and the arm are extremely delicate – any distortion in the dish or slight bend in the arm will make it very difficult or impossible to align the dish. Pack it carefully. Do not consider cutting or hinging the arm – it may still work in high signal areas, but it will not function in the lower signal areas.

Elevation to Optus C1 from all parts of Australia

 

 

Direction to Optus C1 from all parts of Australia.

 

There is a new Satellite Finder available, it pretty much does all the hard work for you. Its called the D4 "Marriage Saver" Satellite Finder. If you are looking for the quick and easy way to set up Satellite TV first time every time then you will want to read more about the Marriage Saver HERE

 

 

Read how Generator Inverters work HERE

Read iTechworld Generator Reviews HERE

Read how to use a Generator Inverter HERE

Read how to avoid a drained battery HERE

Read about light weight Solar Panels HERE

Read 5 great tips to get the most out of your Solar Panels HERE

Read our comprehensive guide on Inverters HERE

Read about the benefits of travelling with Solar Power HERE

 

Article author

Ian

[email protected]

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Lock onto Optus C1 Anywhere in Australia with a D4

 

iTechworld D4 Satellite Meter

Please Note:

This device has already been programmed by iTechworld technicians for use with the Optus C1 satellite and a 10.7 (10700) LNB. You do not need to adjust any of the settings.

 

For use with the Optus C1 satellite (VAST, Foxtel and Austar) please follow these instructions.

  1.  Connect the coaxial cable between the iTechworld D4 Satellite Meter and your LNB, located on your iTechworld Easy Base Dish.
  2. Turn on the iTechworld D4 Satellite Meter.
  3. Make sure you are on the Al Jazeera or ABC Channel (Press "OK" for a list of channels)
  4. Press the "INFO" button (near the bottom right of the iTechworld D4 Satellite Meter).
  5. Move your iTechworld Easy Base Satellite in the right direction until you see the "LOCK" light turn blue. You should also maximize your "SIGNAL QUALITY" (green bar) to at least 60%.
  6. Once you have a picture and can hear sound with no interference then turn off the iTechworld D4 Satellite Meter and connect your coaxial cable from the LNB located on the iTechworld Easy Base Dish to your satellite set top box.

Read how Generator Inverters work HERE

Read iTechworld Generator Reviews HERE

Read how to use a Generator Inverter HERE

Read how to avoid a drained battery HERE

Read about light weight Solar Panels HERE

Read 5 great tips to get the most out of your Solar Panels HERE

Read our comprehensive guide on Inverters HERE

Read about the benefits of travelling with Solar Power HERE

Article author

Ian

[email protected]

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Setting your satellite TV system

     

    • (STEP 1) Set up

      VAST satellite TV

      Power up your VAST box and connect to your TV using either the red, white and yellow RCA cables or HDMI cable. Use the source/input button on your remote control to select the correct input. This is usually AV for RCA and HDMI for the HDMI cable. If you are unsure then please check your TV manual. Have the blue screen saying “searching for signal” on at all times during the set up process. Connect your satellite dish to your VAST box.

    • (STEP 2) Point the iTechworld satellite dish north using the compass. (make sure there is no obstructions)

    • (STEP 3) Set the elevation for your area according to the reference chart. Note: The final elevation you use to obtain a signal may be different from what is listed in the instructions. Our aim is to get our satellite finder needle to go off the scale, this is when the needle goes past 10.

    • (STEP 4) Set the needle on the satellite finder initially to 5 using the DB scroll.

     

    • (STEP 5) Do a sweep from North towards the satellite bearing (as listed in the reference chart) with the iTechworld satellite dish.

    • (STEP 6) Watch for movement on the finder, if the needle goes “off the scale” proceed to step 12 if the needle does not go off the scale then proceed to step 7.

     

    • (STEP 7) Re position the dish to North.

     

    • (STEP 8) Move up 3-5 degrees on elevation.

    • (STEP 9) Set the needle on the satellite finder to 5 using the DB scroll. (it may already be on 5)

    • (STEP 10) Do a sweep from North towards the satellite bearing (as listed in the reference chart) with the iTechworld satellite dish.

    • (STEP 11) Watch for movement on the finder, if the needle goes “off the scale” go to step 12 if the needle does not go off the scale go back to step 7.

    • (STEP 12) Check the TV screen, it should now read signal found and will load channel 800 if this is the case please contact VAST to activate your smart card.  Phone Vast on 1300 99 33 76 or visit their website www.mysattv.com.au If the message on the screen still says “searching for signal” please proceed to step 13.

    • (STEP 13) Return to your satellite dish and sat finder, turn the DB back to 8 adjust the dish position and elevation until the needle goes off the scale again. Check the TV screen, it should now read signal found and will load channel 800 if this is the case please contact VAST to activate your smart card.Phone Vast on 1300 99 33 76 or visit their website www.mysattv.com.au If the screen still reads searching for signal please proceed to step 14.

    • (STEP 14) Return to the satellite dish. Adjust the skew of the LNB 5 degrees clock wise (as you face the dish). Check the TV screen, it should now read signal found and will load channel 800 if this is the case please contact VAST to activate your smart card. Phone Vast on 1300 99 33 76 or visit their website www.mysattv.com.au If the screen still reads searching for signal please repeat step 14 until you get the signal.

     

    If you have completed all of the above steps and still can not get a TV signal then please call 08 9472 7200 to speak to technician.

    Mon - Fri  4pm (WA Time)

    Read how Generator Inverters work HERE

    Read iTechworld Generator Reviews HERE

    Read how to use a Generator Inverter HERE

    Read how to avoid a drained battery HERE

    Read about light weight Solar Panels HERE

    Read 5 great tips to get the most out of your Solar Panels HERE

    Read our comprehensive guide on Inverters HERE

    Read about the benefits of travelling with Solar Power HERE

     

    Article author

    Ian

    [email protected]

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    Solar Panels Australia

    Introduction 

    Before you start harnessing the elements to heat, cool or light your home, caravan, tent or truck, it is worth considering your motivation as it will determine what systems are best for you. You will also need to assess your site as you may not have suitable resources. Are you able to connect or remain connected to the national infrastructure as a backup? Do you need to have an uninterrupted power supply (UPS)? Are you relocating daily or is it a more permanent arrangement? What is your budget?

    We recommend that you focus on what you consider to be essential and then be prepared to compromise if nature temporarily leaves you a bit short. Establish what are your MUST and WANTS are. Once you have established your MUST and WANTS you can calculate your energy requirements and usage. We also recommend that you develop a modular and scalable approach so that the system can be easily changed as your requirements or financial circumstance changes.

     

    Solar

    The photovoltaic (PV) cells of a solar panel harvest sunshine in the form of photon rays and converts them to direct current (DC) electricity. The life of a solar PV system is impressive as there are no moving parts to convert the solar energy into electricity.

     

    How Solar Panels Work  

    Each solar panel is a remarkable lattice of layers of silicon-based cells. When the sun’s photons hit a layer of silicon that has free outer electrons around the atoms, these move to the layer beneath, which comprises atoms with electrons missing. The resulting flow causes a small current, but because there are many cells linked together, the whole panel produces a useable voltage of DC electricity. It remains as DC current it is going straight to a battery. This is a 12V system.

     

    Power capability  

    Solar PV systems are specified as having a ‘peak power capability’, because they depend on how much sun shines on the panels. The systems do still make electricity on overcast days, though obviously make more power on a sunny day.

    Solar panels are extremely useful for charging batteries and so are ideal for powering “stand-alone” or “off the grid” systems that are remote from mains supply. For a stand-alone system, it is important to be sure that your solar panel can provide enough energy to power whatever you intend to use it for. As long as your panels are a suitable size and you have sufficient batteries you should seldom have an occasion when there is not enough power. You should aim to have enough stored energy for those “just in case” situations.

     

    Storing energy  

    In a battery, a chemical reaction occurs and then electrons travel through a wire from one terminal to the other, and the result is Direct Current (DC) electricity. Batteries are particularly useful for standalone systems as they are fairly cheap and power can be stored and used when needed. If you wish to store electricity that you have generated in the battery bank then deep cycle batteries are designed to deliver less current for a longer period of time. Once flat they are designed to be recharged.

    Car batteries can be used but they are not suitable as they are not designed to be fully discharged. The deep cycle batteries are designed to be recharged once flat and will last longer.

    The amount of energy that a battery can supply is specified in ampere hours (Ah). So, a 12-volt battery that is specified as 100Ah can theoretically deliver 1 amp for 100 hours or 100 amps for 1 hour.

    Multiplying the volts and amps, gives you the power (watts) the battery will produce.

    So for our 12 volt battery it is possible to have:

    • 12 volts X 1 amp = 12 watts for 100 hours

    Or

    • 12 volts X 100 amp = 1200 watts for 1 hour

    Back in the real world, these numbers don’t quite add up as you can’t expect to get more than 80% capacity from your battery, i.e. 80 Ah.

    The smaller deep cycle batteries are not designed to deliver masses of current so you shouldn’t really drain more than about 10 -15 amps (that’s a device of about 120 – 180 watts). So if a pump needs 60 watts to function we divide 60 watts by 12 volts, which gives 5 amps.

    If you use the pump for 2 hours a day, a fully charged battery therefore lasts about 8 days.

     

    How to work out Watts, Amps and Volts 

    Common sense states that a larger Solar Panel will collect more energy than a smaller solar panel, but what size is correct for your needs?

    Most power consumption of appliances is given in Watts. It is a relatively simple calculation to work out power your energy use, just multiply the power consumption by the hours of use. For example:

    100 watt device used over 5 hours equals 100 x 5 = 500 Watt hours (Wh)

     

    Converting Watts to Amps  

    If you want to figure out if your 100W solar panel is capable of running a fridge that draws 2A, then it’s a matter of one formula. You cannot directly convert watts to amps, since watts are power and amps are the current. It’s kind of like trying to convert litres to kilometres. But because the voltage in a 4WD is fixed at 12V then converting the watts into amps becomes achievable via the following equations:

    W/12V=A

    So in the event of the 100W solar panel, 100W / 18.97V = 5.28A. That shows that the 100W solar panel can provide a maximum unregulated output of 5.2A whilst the fridge is drawing just 2Ah. A common mistake people make with solar power is taking the wattage of the panel and dividing it by 12V, this is the wrong calculation to make as no solar panel is 12V they are generally between 18V and 21V. False statements about 120 Watt panels being able to produce 10 Amps per hour are un true, un realistic and an unfortunate selling point used by people in the industry who do not fully understand solar power. To combat the “cowboys” out there all iTechworld solar panels have the full power ratings clearly marked on each and every panel we produce.

     

    If you would like to find out more about Solar Power then please do not hesitate to get in touch.

     

    Read how Generator Inverters work HERE

    Read iTechworld Generator Reviews HERE

    Read how to use a Generator Inverter HERE

    Read how to avoid a drained battery HERE

    Read about light weight Solar Panels HERE

    Read 5 great tips to get the most out of your Solar Panels HERE

    Read our comprehensive guide on Inverters HERE

    Read about the benefits of travelling with Solar Power HERE

    Article author

    Ian

    [email protected]

    Read more +